How Does the Truth Appear?

From Phenomenological Reduction to Theological Counter-Reduction

  • Nicolae Turcan Babes-Bolyai University


Starting with Husserl"™s phenomenology and advancing to Jean-Luc Marion"™s and Jean-Yves Lacoste"™s phenomenology and to the revealed theology, this paper aims to answer the question: "œHow does the Truth appear?" Husserl"™s phenomenological reduction made the appearance of God, who remained in an absolute transcendence, impossible; but John"™s Gospel states that Christ is the Truth. We accept both of these opinions and offer the following answers: the religious phenomena, which have to do with a religious life and knowledge, could appear after one ignores or weakens the Husserlian epoché; God could appear if the phenomenological reduction became a reduction to givenness; the religious phenomena could appear after a theological counter-reduction, which separated itself from phenomenological rigor and belonged to theology.

Keywords: Christ, Truth, transcendental reduction, phenomenological reduction, eidetic reduction, reduction to givenness, theological counter-reduction, faith, grace, God, transcendence, Edmund Husserl, Jean-Luc Marion


How to Cite
TURCAN, Nicolae. How Does the Truth Appear?. Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Theologia Orthodoxa, [S.l.], v. 63, n. 2, p. 139-151, dec. 2018. ISSN 2065-9474. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 03 dec. 2021. doi:
Theology and Philosophy