Church, Minjung and State

The Revival of Protestant Christianity in North Korea

  • Jooseop Keum Presbyterian University and Theological Seminary of Seoul


The issue of church and state takes us to the heart of the mission because the Gospel is the good news in every part of human life and society. Throughout the history of the Church in Korea, the issues of church and state, religion and society have been deeply connected to the development of the Korean churches. Indeed, an important factor in Christianity’s success in Korea has been its frequent identification with political movements promoting Korean nationalism, independence, democracy, and Korean reunification. Especially in Northern Korea before the division of the peninsula in 1945, and in North Korea after it, the church-state relationship has been one of the crucial issues determining the fate of the churches. It is the purpose of this article to introduce the revival of Protestant Christianity in North Korea in the Communist context, with special reference to issues of church and state.

Keywords: Church and State, Protestant Christianity, North Korea, Gospel

Author Biography

Jooseop Keum, Presbyterian University and Theological Seminary of Seoul

Professor, Reverend

How to Cite
KEUM, Jooseop. Church, Minjung and State. Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Theologia Orthodoxa, [S.l.], v. 64, n. 1, p. 53-72, june 2019. ISSN 2065-9474. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 09 july 2020. doi:
Systematic Theology