Rejuvenating Orthodox Activism among the Laymen

The Romanian Orthodox Fellowship in Interwar Transylvania

  • Ionuț Florin Biliuță Gheorghe Sincai Institute for Social Sciences and the Humanities, Romanian Academy


The paper discusses the interwar activism of Orthodox laymen and the founding of the organization of Romanian Orthodox Fellowship. By arguing that they subsequently answered to the call of the Transylvanian Orthodox bishops, it addresses how this initiative of Orthodox laity and clergy meant to counterbalance both the Greek-Catholic oriented propaganda in the intellectual milieus and the corrosive influences of modernity, stemming from secular circles. Another aim targeted by the paper is to emphasize that Archbishop Andrei Șaguna’s 19th century reflections about the status of the sobornicity between the clergy and the laymen in the institutional structures of the Orthodox Church received their actual confirmation with the formation of the Romanian Orthodox Fellowship of intellectuals and their theological framework with the theological reflections of Fr. Liviu Stan (1909-1973). 

Keywords: Orthodox Church, laymen, Orthodox theology, social mobilization, nationalism, Greek-Catholic Action, intellectuals, religious rivalry, national identity, political Orthodoxy

How to Cite
BILIUȚĂ, Ionuț Florin. Rejuvenating Orthodox Activism among the Laymen. Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Theologia Orthodoxa, [S.l.], v. 62, n. 2, p. 21-38, dec. 2017. ISSN 2065-9474. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 06 apr. 2020. doi:
Historical Theology